ABA stands for Applied Behavior Analysis. It is a type of therapy that is used to help individuals with autism and other developmental disorders improve their social skills and communication abilities, as well as reduce challenging behaviors.

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ABA therapy is based on the principles of behaviorism, which is a psychological approach that focuses on how behavior is learned and changed through reinforcement and punishment. ABA therapists use a variety of techniques, including positive reinforcement, shaping, and fading, to help individuals acquire new skills and behaviors and reduce unwanted behaviors.

ABA therapy is typically provided by trained professionals, such as psychologists, special education teachers, and behavior analysts. It can be provided in a variety of settings, including homes, schools, and clinics. ABA therapy is often recommended by doctors and other healthcare professionals as a treatment for autism and other developmental disorders because it has been shown to be effective in improving social and communication skills, reducing challenging behaviors, and increasing independence.